Clover and Wildlife

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Clove plantation usually in mountain or in the hight land. so the weather is soo cool. It is the man product made of cigarrete. Clover is a high protein legume that benefits the animals that feed upon it and contributes nitrogen to the soil. In today’s markets seed companies all claim to have the best variety. What do you think? We all heard or read about the white and red clovers, crimson clovers, the white tail clovers, high protein clovers as well as the 38 percent protein clovers. Every seed company claims that theirs is the best, but only a few tell you in what regions that their clover is the best.

The trick is the region in which these clovers are planted. Whether cool climates or warm climates some will do very well in the south in wet sandy areas, and some will do well in the north in wet and sandy areas as long as there is enough sun light to allow the photosynthesis process to work. No matter what people claim, the solution is to plant a variety that is suitable for your region, take the time to correct ph levels to those suitable for the seed that is planted, adequate soil preparation, and of course proper fertilization. Soil preparation along with a good solid fertilizer program and adequate moisture will certainly help produce suitable yields. in Indonesia it is place more in Sukabumi, Pelabuhan ratu, and North sulawesi. in the hight land.

When you plant clover always use the recommended inoculants for that particular variety. When planting clover or any other type of wild life planting, in addition to fertilizer, I prefer to use Bio Stimulants like RACKMAX because it is so cost effective. Bio stimulants are plant growth hormones that enable a plant to manufacture natural sugar giving a plant more early season vigor, better stands, faster germination, and more leaf area sooner. You get much sweeter plants by increasing the starch and sugar production, making a plant resistant to freeze, drought, overgrazing, and erosion. Bio stimulants increase the root system up to 300% and have a positive impact on plant health.

Most of us know a clover seed is very small and does not produce a very large root system. Whenever you can help a plant increase the way that it absorbs moisture and nutrients, that alone will help the survival rate of the plant. One word of caution when using a Bio Stimulant on clover. Make certain you plant enough or the deer will decimate it!

The inoculants for the type of clover that you purchase can be purchased separately. If you have a seed that has been pre-inoculated, it will not hurt to add additional inoculants. This will insure that all of the seed has a good dose of inoculants on them.

It is more tecknik to use and how to procedure planting the clove. When planting clover try to plant on a good seedbed Use a culti-packer if you have one. If you don’t you should prepare the ground a week before planting, and try to get the ground level to avoid small shaded areas in the field. Advance preparation will allow the dirt to settle and tighten up a bit.

Since clover seed is so small, a seeding rate of 12 to 20 pounds to the acre makes it difficult for birds to do much damage. Scatter the seed and let the rain bury it or you can drag it in with a section of chain link fence. The ideal depth is about ¼ to ½ inches this will allow sun light to penetrate for germination.

If you have a seed drill learning how to use it will result in an even stand, however a small seeder like the cyclone seeder will do very well. Only a few hunters know that planting clover seed to deep results in poor stands. Avoid disking clover seed in 5 or 6 inches deep because it results in poor emergence.

Always try and use the recommended amount of seed to eliminate competition. Too many seeds will not allow a plant reach its potential making the process expensive. Not enough seed, on the other hand will make it easy for weeds to take over your food plot.

Use herbicides in your clover fields when needed to eliminate the grasses that compete with the clover.

Diversity is the key to any successful hunting area. A successful hunting area may contain several types of clover. This will help insure adequate feed for the wildlife at different times of the year. When one variety of clover matures and dies, another will be ready. Here in Alabama I prefer the crimson and Yucci Arrow Leaf varieties. These varieties are beneficial to quail and turkey poults in the spring as well as prime white tail forages in the fall and winter.

Clover is a safe bet on planting for forage crops. One of the really great things about clover is that it makes it own nitrogen. When you plant other crops with clover the clover will help provide nitrogen for other grasses in the area. Nitrogen is essential in the production of wild life forages.

Two overlooked aspect about any clover is the need to refertilize several times during the year. Fertilizing will help to feed the plant for the growth process keeping it succulent. A simple ph test should be done annually and corrections should be made based on the results.

Is the clover that is planted an annual or a perennial? Annuals will need to be planted every year but perennials will reseed itself for several years provided the fields are not grazed to short during the blooming stage.

If you would like some good solid information on clover in your area go to your extension office, or simply call. They will be glad to help. So now you can see some of the benefits of clover. It provides good solid forage for you wildlife. And always remember that our youth need to be involved with our time in the field.

Ed Haas

Rokok Kretek: The Culture and Heritage of Indonesia’s Clove Cigarettes

Clove Comments Off on Rokok Kretek: The Culture and Heritage of Indonesia’s Clove Cigarettes

by: Arnold Lee

Rokok is cigarettes, kretek is clove flavored, so rokok kretek means clove flavored cigarettes or clove cigarettes. For many millions Javanese and Indonesians, kretek is enjoyable companion, tasteful, it gives a feeling of relief & relaxation and its price is nothing compare to the comfort given.

Clove tree In restaurants, pubs, bars, discotheques, public buildings and in many other places outdoor, the sweet smoke from kretek are smelt. This is a common sight, but nowadays, many sites are divided to smoking and non smoking areas. Some air conditioned buildings even declared as non smoking.

Brief history

Rokok kretek was invented by a man from the town of Kudus, 50 km eastward of Semarang in the early nineties AD. The man Noto Semito was from a long time suffering from cough and asthma. Desperate to cure his illness, he rolled tobacco mix with crushed cloves in dried corn leaves – this is the original kretek cigarettes.

The rokok klobot (klobot is dried corn leaves). After smoking these kretek he was cured and become healthier. He began to manufacture his new kretek cigarettes with trade mark of BAL TIGA (three balls). He actively marketed the kretek every where, through radio, touring vans with music and dancers, even by air dropping promotion leaflets.

He become a very successful business man, a billionaire. His steps was followed by many others and soon kretek industry was mushrooming also in other cities. The fate of Noto Semito, The Father of Kretek, ended tragically, he was bankrupt in 1953, crashed by his invented kretek vast industry.

The Present Day

The kretek follows ‘modernization’ in cigarettes industry. The new filter kretek are major products, the contents of crushed cloves are smaller, changed with clove essence. The crushed cloves are kept to maintain the voice of burning kretek – crakling : tek, tek, tek, from here comes the name of kretek.

The leaders of kretek nowadays are Djambu Bol, Sukun, Nojorono, Djarum (in Kudus and Central Java), Bentoel (in Malang), Gudang Garam (in Kediri) and Sampoerna (in Surabaya). There are also smaller manufacturers, such as Menara (in Solo), Pompa (in Semarang), etc. More than 95% of local smokers prefer kretek than rokok putih or white cigarettes – non clove cigarettes.

No one denies that kretek industry brings a huge sum of tax to the state purse and millions of people depend their income to this chains of business, starting from the tobacco and clove farmers, workers at the factories, sellers in many shops and stalls, truckers, involved in this industry and it’s worth to note – their families.

Tobacco Connoisseur

The kretek factories absorb a lot of tabacco. The buyers – mainly the kretek producers, they hire several connoisseurs, experts of tobacco, to secure the quality of their products. They are very well paid. No doubt of their specific expertise. Only by smelling the wet tobacco leaves or dried cut tobacco leaves, high qualified connoisseur should know precisely the origin of the tobacco. It is from Wonosobo , Magelang or Boyolali (Central java) or from Besuki (East Java), and knows the harvest year of every tobacco tested. The testing is important as prices differs from region to region.

Where to Buy

Most tobacco stores carry clove cigarettes. Try the local mall, Some convenience stores carry them, but not the major chains. You will have much better luck finding clove cigarettes at family-owned and operated convenience stores, especially stores owned by recent immigrants to the United States (since they tend to have more knowledge of clove cigarettes). But due to the high taxes of cigarettes people like to look for altervative sources. The best place to get your clove cigarettes without have to pay these high taxes is the internet. You can search the internet and you will find lots of websites selling clove cigarettes. One of the most trusted website that sells clove cigarettes is – The Original Indonesian Clove Cigarettes Online Store .With a long history in the clove cigarettes business and over 6 years of online experience, not only offers genuine products at competitive prices they also guarantee that all of their products are freshly supplied to the customers for their full satisfaction.

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